2019-11-28 19:14

大英帝国殖民的类型意味着英语使用和传播的不同附加内涵;这些可以定义为;结算和剥削。澳大利亚和新西兰等探险者定居的国家意味着这些领土被征服,当地人被迫使用英语。其他被大英帝国剥削的国家,包括许多非洲和亚洲国家,主要被用作获取劳动力和自然资源的手段,以使英国在争取全球主导地位的过程中受益。这意味着英语是由精英而不是本国的本地人使用的。在上个世纪,来自前大英帝国殖民地的英语的本土化和本土化进一步扩大了英语的使用,包含了一种对特定地区或文化的归属感;不同类型的英语,或如前所述,英语(施耐德,2011)。被英帝国殖民的国家没有被初步曝光,在某些情况下被要求使用英语;事实上,它只被定居者和外籍人士使用。英语现在是世界上许多前殖民国家的公认的第一语言,如新加坡、马来西亚和尼日利亚(Crystal, 2003),这些国家以前都是被前大英帝国开发的领土。Follick(1934)预测英语将会传播,并在国际上被各国用来交流和合作。可以说,由于英国的帝国主义背景,以及英语已经被引入了一些大英帝国的殖民地,如印度和南非,使用英语作为一种传统的交流方式发生了一种自然的转变。美国和英国等拥有强大国际政治和经济背景的国家也在使用它.
The types of colonisation by the British Empire meant different attached connotations in the use and spread of English; these can be defined as; settlement and exploitation. Nations in which explorers settled such as Australia and New Zealand, meant these territories were conquered, and natives were forced by settlers to use English. Other countries which were exploited by the British Empire, including many African and Asian nations, were used primarily as a means of harvesting labourers and obtaining natural resources to benefit Britain in its strive for global dominance. This meant English was used by the elitists and not by the natives of the country. Within the last century, the indigenisation and nativisation of English from the former British Empire colonies further expanded the use of English encompassing a sense of belonging to a particular region or culture; different types of English, or as discussed, Englishes (Schneider, 2011). The countries which were colonised by the British Empire were not preliminarily exposed and made to use English in some cases; it was in fact only used by settlers and expatriates. English is now a recognised first language of many former colonised nations around the world such as Singapore, Malaysia and Nigeria (Crystal, 2003)which are all territories which were previously exploitedby the former British Empire.The English language was predicted by Follick (1934)to spread and be used internationally by nations to communicate and cooperate. It could be said that there was a natural shift in using English as a conventional means of communication because of its imperialistic background and because English had already been introduced to a number of British Empire colonies, such as India and South Africa. It was also being used by countries with strong international political and economic backgrounds, such as the United States and the UK
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