伊利诺Essay代写:劳动力市场的国际化
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伊利诺Essay代写:劳动力市场的国际化

2017-03-02 10:29

伴随着劳动力市场的国际化,有几个优势。首先是世界各地的消费者过得更好。根据Heckscher Ohlin理论,不同国家工人的技能和生产力存在巨大差异(克里斯,2010)。由于全球化,劳动者可以根据自身的优势进行分工,从而获得最大的利润。在这种利益的推动下,越来越多的企业选择开放政策,参与国际经济合作和分工。反过来,开放的趋势扩大全球分工网络的增强,从而进一步提升利润在不同国家的劳动力市场和相互提高国家劳动力市场的相互依存性。例如,中国工人可以享受由美国生产者生产的高科技产品。人在非洲获得更多的就业机会,在中国和美国的公司工作更高的工资(内利,2012)。至于美国,由于中国劳动密集型产业,他们可以买到便宜的衣服。二是世界劳动力市场的灵活性向上提高。创造更多的就业机会(克里斯,2010)。根据欧洲劳动力市场研究(内利,2012),增加贸易、外包和离岸外包推动发达经济体就业人数。一个国家的开放程度越高,创造的工作岗位越多,失业率就越低。世界各地的人才把知识和技能转移到需要的地方,从而提高了其他国家的生产质量。对于跨国公司来说,他们很容易从其他国家获得高端职业。这种互利的局面对雇主和雇员都有利。

伊利诺Essay代写:劳动力市场的国际化

There are several advantages accompanied with the internationalization of labor market. The first is that consumers are better off around the world. According to Heckscher Ohlin theory, there are huge discrepancies of the skill and productivity among workers in different countries (Chris, 2010). Thanks to globalization, laborers can divide their work according to their own superiority, thus achieve max profit. Under the impetus of such benefit, more and more companies choose open policy and take part in international economic cooperation and labor-division. In turn, such enhancement of open tendency expands the network of global work division, thereby further enhancing the profit to labor market in different countries and increasing the interdependency of countries’ labor market with each other. For example, Chinese workers can enjoy high-tech products created by American producers. People in African get access to more employment opportunities and higher wage by working in Chinese and American companies locally (Nellie, 2012). As for American, they can get cheaper clothes due to Chinese labor intensive industry. Secondly, the flexibility of world labor market is increasing to a higher level. More jobs are created (Chris, 2010). According to a study of European labor market (Nellie, 2012), increased trade, outsourcing as well as off shoring boost the number of jobs in advanced economies. Higher the degree of opening of a country, more operating post are created and lower is the unemployment rate. Talented people move around the world to take knowledge and skills to places in need, thus improving the production quality in other countries. As for transnational corporations, it is convenient for them to get high end professions from other countries. Such a mutual beneficial situation profits both employers and employees.