2017-04-27 01:07

辅助技术已经存在了几个世纪,帮助残疾人阅读材料,可能是具有挑战性的。一个辅助技术的最大的动力是由路易斯·布莱叶,谁开发语言为盲人在1821年(马,2010)。联邦政府保护残疾学生和授权的法律,以保护学生谁需要使用辅助技术服务或设备。1998,国会通过了P.L. 100-407原技术为残疾人法案个人有关的援助,后来被称为技术行为。该法律提供资金,发展全州范围内,消费者响应信息和培训计划,旨在满足在需要的所有年龄残疾人士的需求。除了法律的直接影响,支撑全州和国家计划,技术动作是定义在装置第一;它被定义为任何项目,设备,或产品系统能否获得商业现成的,修改或定制的,那是用来增加、维持或提高个人残疾人的功能。该技术法案还定义在服务作为任何服务,直接协助残疾人士在选择,收购,我们使用的辅助设备。这些联邦的第一个定义,后来在其他立法,特别是残疾人教育法(理念)。该法案还规定,联邦政府确定的政策和障碍,设置障碍的规定和支付在.
Assistive technology has been around for centuries to help people with disabilities to read materials that could be challenging. One of the greatest inspirations of assistive technology was provided by Louis Braille, who developed a language for the blind in the year 1821 (Magar, 2010). The Federal government has protected students with disabilities and mandated laws to protect students who need to use assistive technology services or devices. In 1998, Congress passed P.L. 100-407 the original Technology- Related Assistance for Individuals with Disabilities Act, later referred to as the Tech Act. That law provided funding to develop statewide, consumer-responsive information and training programs designed to meet the AT needs of individuals with disabilities of all ages. Apart from the direct implications of the law in supporting statewide and national programs, the Tech Act was the first to define AT device; it is defined as any item, piece of equipment, or product system whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities. The Tech Act also defined AT service as any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition, our use of assistive devices. These first federal definitions of AT where later adopted in other legislations, most notably the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The Act also mandated that the federal government identify policies and obstacles, which placed barriers for the provision and payment for AT.